The agreement was brokered by the United Arab Emirates, which hosted a signing ceremony at the Dubai Expo. Present at the ceremony were Emirates Development Bank chairman Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber and US Climate Envoy John Kerry, who was involved in getting the agreement over the finish line.
The agreement will see Israel purchase solar power from the Jordan-based facility, which will be constructed by an Emirati firm, and Jordan purchase water from the Israeli site to be constructed along the Mediterranean coast.
The deal was reportedly first raised in a September meeting between Energy Minister Karine Elharrar and UAE Ambassador to Israel Mohamed Al Khaja, during discussions on how the UAE can help broker future regional deals in the wake of the Abraham Accords.
Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, who took over in June, has made strengthening ties with Amman a priority. In July, the premier met with King Abdullah II in secret at the crown palace in Amman, in the first summit between the countries’ leaders in over three years.
Shortly thereafter, the countries announced that Israel would sell 50 million cubic meters of water a year to Jordan, doubling what it already supplies, and in October agreed to raise the amount further.
According to the Walla news site, Monday’s agreement was supposed to have been signed at the COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow at the beginning of the month, but Bennett pushed for a delay out of fears that the deal would spark criticism from the opposition days before the coalition was seeking to pass the annual budget.